An Overview of the Red Planet Mars

Have you ever wondered why Mars is also known as the Red Planet? This is due to the fact that its soil and atmosphere appear red due to the oxidation or rusting of iron minerals prevalent in Martian soil.

Mars has two peculiar moons, and it is the fourth planet in the solar system. It is also the most explored planet outside of Earth. It is a terrestrial planet, with 687 Earth days equivalent to its year length. 

The planet’s one-way light time to the sun is estimated to be roughly 13.371325 minutes which varies from time to time. It is also a dynamic planet with seasons, extinct volcanoes, canyons, and polar ice caps, as well as indications that it was substantially more active ages ago.

Dedicated and brilliant scientists are continually looking for fresh breakthroughs. In reality, as time passes, we uncover more things outside the Earth that we did not expect to encounter. 

But how do they accomplish this? This was made possible by building rovers and sending them to other planets; at present, there are only two recorded rovers that have been dispatched to Mars.

Outside of Earth, there are six more planets except for Mars, so why do we just send our rovers to Mars? This is due to the fact that Mars is made up of many different types of rocks, each of which possesses a unique chemical combination.

The rover can freely go to a terrain area, which is communicated via a lander-type spacecraft. It typically obtains small substances such as pebbles, rocks, liquids, soil, and dust for scientists to investigate and test. 

The aforementioned factors are required for space exploration without an astronaut going straight to study that planet or astronomical body. Currently, we are not yet fully equipped with technology, which is why going in person directly to Mars remains a challenge.

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